Wall of Crows
Giza boasts the biggest
ancient sculpture, the Sphinx, and the last surviving wonder of the
world, the Great Pyramid. But the biggest man-hewn stone is not to be
found in either of them. An impressive stone worked into a wall, situated
off the beaten track, weighs an estimated three hundred tons.
of the Sphinx lies the so-called "Wall of Crows". It is rarely
mentioned in the literature; tourists rarely get a glimpse, unless they
cater for a half hour horse or somewhat longer camel ride to the west
of the complex. Even then, no-one will point out the existence of the
Wall of Crows, even though the drivers take you to within just a few
The structure has a tunnel going through it. This is not a unique feature,
as the causeway between the Sphinx and the Second Pyramid also has a
tunnel. Unlike that tunnel, the tunnel in the Wall of Crows is towered
by an impressive, single stone, believed to weigh about three hundred
tons. This immediately puts the Wall in its proper context: why would
such a heavy and awe-inspiring stone be used in what today is considered
to be a neglected aspect of the complex? Obviously because it wasn't
considered a minor structure by the builders of the Giza complex.
it is labeled a wall, Mark Foster, a frequent traveler to Egypt with
a keen eye on the unreported, believe it has more in common with a giant
causeway. It could be seen as a continuation of the causeway of Menkaure's
pyramid, were it not that it is set at a slight angle to it and, more
importantly, it is beyond the Valley temple of Menkaure, therefore there
should be no reason for a causeway for Menkaure anymore.
All three pyramids have a causeway, the most impressive one today connecting
the second biggest pyramid in the world with the Sphinx. But, as Foster
point out, "if we assume that it is a causeway and not a wall,
we are left with one problem." For causeways seem to connect places
and lead somewhere. But this "causeway" leads to nowhere.
It ends in a modern Muslim cemetery below a rock outcrop, an outcrop
offering a unique view of all nine pyramids on the plateau. Its Eastern
end ends in the desert sand.
Foster point out that certain modern researchers state the Giza structures
have been designed with very strict geometrical patterns. In 1989 and
again in 1994, the Belgian-born human resource manager Robert Bauval
pointed out the three main pyramids on the plateau echo a part of the
Orion-constellation, Orion's Belt. Other researchers, however, concentrate
their research on the entire plateau. One of these researchers is Alfonso
Rubino, who believes that the center of the Great Pyramid and the center
of the third Pyramid (attributed to Menkaure/Mycerinos), together with
a spot coinciding with the Eastern end of the Wall of Crows marks a
sacred triangle. It seems, however that Rubino in his mathematical deduction
was unaware of the existence of this Wall of Crows. Mark Foster wonder
whether there might have been, or still be, something on this position,
perhaps currently underground.
Egyptologist Simon Cox believes the Wall of Crows marks the boundary
of the Giza complex. He believes the opening in the Wall marks the original
entrance to the complex. As such, the visitor would immediately be welcomed
by the biggest single block of stone used in the entire complex, an
apt welcome to an area where stones were placed on top of each other
with an apparent disregard for gravity.
What would visitors see if they were to enter the complex? On their
left, they would see the causeway and pyramid of Menkaure. Closest to
them would be the Valley Temple of Menkaure, the Valley Temple of Kafre,
the Sphinx Temple and, of course, the Sphinx. Towering above these temples
would be the two biggest stone pyramids. To the East, modern research
suggests, would be an artificial lake, leading down towards to the Nile.
to the Wall of Crows is a rock outcrop. It gives, as stated above, a
unique view of the nine major pyramids and Sphinx. Nowhere else can
all nine major pyramids be seen then from this rock outcrop and its
immediate surrounding. Some tourists have observed the rock outcrop
looks artificial. Indeed, its horizontal layers of rock look like an
artificial structure. It is, however, natural. It is the highest outcrop
of a semi-circular ring of hills surrounding the Giza complex.
Certain archaeologists, considered slightly "far out" by their
conservative colleagues, have stated their conviction that certain archaeological
monuments, also in Egypt, can be found near rocks that bear "artificial"
marks. Though entirely natural, the human eye observes the natural structure
as resembling something alive, like a bird, a face, etc. This
is called subliminal art and it is believed that certain ancient people
used this deliberately in their monuments. The stones at Avebury, England,
are a very good example: it seems as if faces have been sculpted in
Such natural, subliminal stones have been found in the Valley
of the Kings and near Edfu. Could the rock outcrop near the Wall
of Crows join them? The rock looks like a serpent, for several
reasons: it has a "mouth" (a cave), two "eyes",
apparently natural rock outcrops on top of the rock outcrop, and
has the general profile and upfront view of a serpent's head.
The serpent being particularly important to the Egyptians, it
could be that both the Sphinx and this "serpent" were
considered to be protecting the complex. For, as many authors,
including Andrew Collins, have pointed out, the pyramids were
build on a hill which seems to have been identified with the primeval
hill, from which the Egyptian god Atum created the world. As such,
the hill would similar to the biblical "Garden of Eden",
which is nothing more (and less) than an enclosed sacred space.
And if the Wall of Crows would be the enclosing wall, that would
be exactly what Giza would be: sacred space, dedicated to the
article originally appeared in Legendary Times, No. 1, November