Seeing evidence of ancient Egypt in the Grand Canyon
Is there, within the
Grand Canyon, an enigmatic system of tunnels that is evidence of an
ancient Egyptian voyage to America? Is it all bogus? Or is the truth
most likely somewhere in between?
April 5, 1909, a front page story in the Arizona Gazette reported on
an archaeological expedition in the heart of the Grand Canyon funded
by the Smithsonian Institute, which had resulted in the discovery of
Egyptian artefacts. April 5 is close to April 1 – but then not
quite… so perhaps the story could be true?
Nothing since has been heard of this discovery. Today, over five million
tourists visit the Grand Canyon each year. You would thus expect that
if anything was hidden in the canyons, it would thus since long have
been uncovered. However, most tourists only spend around 3 hours of
time at the canyon, usually visiting the legendary South Rim view around
mile 89, where most of the best and oldest tourist facilities are located.
Furthermore, some have said that the entire discovery has since become
the centre of a major cover-up, apparently in an effort to maintain
the old status quo, which is that the ancient Egyptians never ventured
outside of the tranquil waters of the river Nile.
The original story goes that the team
found an underground network of tunnels, high above the Colorado River,
containing various ancient artefacts, statues and even mummies. A major
discovery, no doubt about it. Impossible to slip off the archaeological
radar. Still, the Smithsonian Institute will report it has no records
on the subject. So what happened? To find out, there is only one guide:
the article itself. Though the article was anonymous, it did identify
some of the archaeologists involved: “under the direction of Prof.
S. A. Jordan", with Smithsonian-backed adventurer G. E. Kinkaid,
who then relates his findings.
But the story gets weirder when the Smithsonian stated that it had no
Kinkaid or Jordan on record. In one enquiry from 2000, the institution
replied: “The Smithsonian Institution has received many questions
about an article in the April 5, 1909 Phoenix Gazette about G. E. Kincaid
and his discovery of a 'great underground citadel' in the Grand Canyon,
hewn by an ancient race 'of oriental origin, possibly from Egypt.' […]
The Smithsonian's Department of Anthropology, has searched its files
without finding any mention of a Professor Jordan, Kincaid, or a lost
Egyptian civilization in Arizona. Nevertheless, the story continues
to be repeated in books and articles.” There is room for a cover-up,
of course, as some have argued. The files do not necessarily have to
set within that department’s and the reference to the Phoenix
Gazette rather than Arizona Gazette could be a simple error, or an escape
valve that is so often present in official replies engineered to debunk.
Stories like “the CIA Division X has no record” often means
that Division Y is the one who has that record.
there is no Professor Jordan, and Kinkaid himself was more than difficult
to pin down. However, on March 12 of the same year, the Gazette had
reported on an earlier phase of Kincaid's adventure: “G. E. Kincaid
Reaches Yuma.” Here, Kinkaid is identified as being from “Lewiston,
Idaho”; he “arrived in Yuma after a trip from Green River,
Wyoming, down the entire course of the Colorado River. He is the second
man to make this journey and came alone in a small skiff, stopping at
his pleasure to investigate the surrounding country. He left Green River
in October having a small covered boat with oars, and carrying a fine
camera, with which he secured over 700 views of the river and canyons
which were unsurpassed. Mr. Kincaid says one of the most interesting
features of the trip was passing through the sluiceways at Laguna dam.
He made this perilous passage with only the loss of an oar." The
account is factual enough and seems to just that: fact. The article
concludes: "Some interesting archaeological discoveries were unearthed
and altogether the trip was of such interest that he will repeat it
next winter in the company of friends." Less than a month later,
the same newspaper seemed to continue their story where they had left
it off: Kinkaid was now talking about his “interesting archaeological
discoveries”, which consisted out of a series of tunnels and passages
with a cross chamber near the entrance, containing a statue: "The
idol almost resembles Buddha, though the scientists are not certain
as to what religious worship it represents. Taking into consideration
everything found thus far, it is possible that this worship most resembles
the ancient people of Tibet." He also stated that he had found
an unknown gray metal, resembling platinum, as well as tiny carved heads,
scattered on the floor. Urns bore "mysterious hieroglyphics, the
key to which the Smithsonian Institute hopes yet to discover."
In another room he found mummies: "Some of the mummies are covered
with clay, and all are wrapped in a bark fabric."
Again, the account is quite factual. Idols “resemble” Buddha,
rather than “are” Buddha. The worship “resembles”
that of Tibet, not “is”… Kinkaid is trying to use
analogies to explain his discovery. It is the anonymous author of the
article who makes the connection with ancient Egypt and lets his mind
float to one of the biggest discoveries of all time. Still, the newspaper
apparently never followed up the story.
the Smithsonian involvement is therefore either proof of a cover-up
(as some have claimed) or they are telling the truth, this does not
mean that the entire story is a hoax, or that the newspaper fabricated
the story. “Kinkaid” may have existed, and may have inflated
his credentials. Alternatively, he may have made the entire thing up.
It may be a hoax, but by whom?
The newspaper reported rather factually about it. It may have been their
hoax, in an effort to sell more papers, but if so, you would expect
to hear more about it, including announcements like “more to come
in the following edition”, whetting the public’s appetite.
The anonymous author may have fabricated the story, as he perhaps could
not fill the entire newspaper. Perhaps… Which leaves Kinkaid.
In his first account, we read how he stated that he has made archaeological
discoveries, but these seem to have occurred all on his own. Furthermore,
it is clear that he has made numerous photographs. We need to stress
that the discovery of the underground network occurred before the first
story was written. In fact, it appears that the discovery was made roughly
four to six months prior the article. But in the second story, we learn
Kinkaid apparently did not travel alone, but was helped by a professor
from the Smithsonian. Also, it seems he did not make any photograph
of his discovery. Though he claims that the access was very difficult,
you would expect Kinkaid to have made some photographs of the general
In the Phoenix (Arizona) Gazette article of April 5, 1909 it is stated
that Kinkaid "brought the story" of the "underground
citadel" "to the city" (Phoenix and the Gazette) "yesterday"
(April 4, 1909) after having "discovered" the site "several
months ago". It is clear that as far as the newspaper was involved,
they were reporting on recent information. But why Kinkaid had not included
his discovery in his original account, back in March, is more enigmatic.
Even though the newspaper may have wanted to wait to run it, it is clear
that the delay is entirely Kinkaid’s.
no traces of Kinkaid, though, did he actually exist? Jack Andrews has
underlined that Kinkaid may have been a real person. In the newspaper
report, Kinkaid mentions that he was “looking for mineral”:
"I was journeying down the Colorado river in a boat, alone, looking
for mineral." The Canyon was a known source of minerals, including
copper. But, in 1908, the year of Kinkaid’s expedition, President
Theodore Roosevelt had made the Canyon in a National Forest, closing
it for any mining or prospecting activity. Andrews has furthermore shown
that the area in which he had allegedly found the cave was a well-known
area for prospecting. So he could be real… even though perhaps
the newspaper got his name wrong… A spelling mistake could send
any researcher off the right track, resulting in the conclusion that
a person did not exist.
So, what about the cave? It is a fact
that the Canyon has many holes and caves, most of which are discovered
by hikers. A clear favourite for an Egyptian connection is the area
around Ninety-four Mile Creek and Trinity Creek has sites with names
like Isis Temple, Tower of Set, Tower of Ra, Horus Temple, Osiris Temple,
etc. In the Haunted Canyon area are such names as the Cheops Pyramid,
the Buddha Cloister, Buddha Temple, Manu Temple and Shiva Temple.
One book, Ancient Secret of The Flower of Life (Vol. II, page 302),
claims that two backpackers, on their way to Isis Temple, found a pyramid,
made from the native rock. Once at Isis Temple, they claimed to have
seen several cave entrances. They stated that the cave entrances were
at a height of 800 feet, and the two climbed up, hoping to get into
what looked like the most promising cave. But instead they found it
had been sealed off with rocks. They felt the entrance was man made
and that there was a 6 foot circular pattern hewn into the ceiling.
It is unknown whether this is an actual discovery, or more “talk”.
Irrelevant, Isis Temple is more than 40 miles from the location given
in the newspaper article. Furthermore, it is but one of numerous buttes
in the Grand Canyon named after ancient Egyptian, Greek, Hindu, Chinese
and Nordic gods and goddesses. The origin of the rather esoteric naming
is nearly as mysterious as the canyon itself, and has given rise to
more than a little speculation as to what early explorers may have found
there. But it may also be a perfect memory of its time, when there was
a major fascination with all things Egyptian-Indian.
Cave, a well-known cave containing ancient Indian artefacts, inside
the Grand Canyon
Andrews claims that he has known “of this [Kinkaid’s] location
since 1972. I have held the secret since then.” In June 2001,
he felt it was “the proper time to reveal the location.”
But he later adds that he has never discovered the “physical location”
of this claim. From his argument, it seems as if he has “seen”
the site in a dream or vision, but has never set foot inside it. However,
using Kinkaid’s scant information about the site, “forty-two
miles up the river from the El Tovar Crystal canyon...” This is
not very precise. Andrews believes that the cave is in a deep river
gorge, known as Marble Canyon, which is accessible “by either
arriving there in a boat or float trip, or on foot from the rim of the
Little Colorado river gorge, on the Navajo reservation.” Andrews
spells out some other options, all which seem quite manageable to get
there… but not necessarily inside the cave. Kinkaid wrote that
"the entrance is 1,486 feet down the sheer canyon wall." Definitely
not for the faint-hearted, and the question is how Kinkaid himself succeeded
in the task.
Andrews concludes: “I think the "cave" described in
the headline story of the Arizona Gazette, April 5, 1909 and its fantastic
underground installation was, and still may be, located above an approximate
six mile stretch of the Colorado River in Marble Canyon, at the border
of Marble Canyon and the Navajo Nation above an area near Kwagunt Rapids.”
Is it possible that it remains to be discovered? One ranger said that
"that area of the park is very remote and to this day , our
knowledge of the area is rather slim, and quite frankly, it is not an
area we patrol regularly […] the area is seldom visited."
Though sceptics have given Andrews
a lot of slack, others have just run wildly with the story. It is one
thing to interpret the Smithsonian’s denial as evidence of a cover-up,
what David Icke made of the story is quite another thing. In The Biggest
Secret, he writes – verbatim: "In 1909 a subterranean city
which was built with the presicion of the Great Pyramid was found by
G. E. Hincaid near the Grand Canyon in Arizona. It was big enough to
accomidate 50,000 people and mumified bodies found were of oriental
or possibly Egyptian origin, according to the expedition leader Professor
S. A. Jordan. My own resaerch suggests that it is from another dimension,
the lower fourth dimension, that the reptilian control and manipulation
is primarily orchestrated."
The story continues to grow and grow, now harbouring a sizeable population.
But Icke then adds his own “research”, using the story as
“evidence” for his reptilian control claims.
where does this leave us? Perhaps the answer is somewhere in the middle
of this controversy. With so many caves, some must contain something.
Kinkaid never said it was Egyptian – he just made comparisons.
It could simply have been native…
The first culture to occupy the valley were the Anasazi, who entered
the region around 500 AD, hunting small game as well as raising corn
and squash for their livelihood. By 1000 AD, their culture had advanced
to the point where they had begun to develop their own distinctive pottery
style, advanced agricultural methods, and a unique form of dwelling
known as the "pueblo".
most ancient past, we have favoured burials in caves. Furthermore, many
cultures have made caves in sheer cliff faces, specifically if they
are facing towards the setting sun, into highly sacred sites, often
cemeteries. Examples of this exist in the French Pyrenees, but whether
it is the Cretan canyon known as the Valley of the Dead or the African
Dogon, it is a common denominator that caves in cliffs were favoured,
since remote antiquity. Why should the Grand Canyon be any different?
And if not, then it is entirely possible that human remains were found…
and perhaps continue to be found.
But rather than Egyptian or Tibetan in origin, I would argue that they
are most likely remnants of the Anasazi. Anasazi groups, widely scattered
across the southern Colorado Plateau and the upper Rio Grande drainage,
defined their similarities – and their differences – largely
in terms of their multi-storied, multi-room pueblo "Great Houses"
or "cliff dwellings". It is what tied them together, even
though the individual groups themselves often bore more differences
The site is indeed close to a Navajo centre, which are one of the living
descendants of the Anasazi, which means “ancient ones” in
Navajo. In the Canyon de Chelly is the so-called Mummy Cave, the last
known occupied Anasazi site in the area. Situated in a large, protected
alcove about 300 feet above the canyon floor, the two adjacent caves
harbour the remnants of a multi-storied dwelling consisting of around
55 rooms and four ceremonial circular structures, or kivas, possibly
dating back to 1050.
It was for the two ancient bodies found entombed at this site that an
early Smithsonian expedition named the canyon, "del Muerto"
— "of the Dead" in Spanish. Here, we therefore have
something that is virtually identical to what Kinkaid alleges: a cave,
in a cliff, with a complex series of rooms, containing mummies…
even the Smithsonian is involved. The one major difference is that this
site is known, whereas Kinkaid’s isn’t. But what Mummy Cave
equally proves, is that there is no need for Tibetans or Egyptians,
but that the local Anasazi are most likely its occupants… if it
existed… and why not ? Mummy Cave may look very different from
what we imagine Kinkaid was describing… But with so little known
Though this story may or may not be
reality, examples such as Mummy Cave have since proven that Kinkaid’s
story may not be as important as many believe it is. Even if Kinkaid
and Jordan were real people, the sensationalist flavourings of the report
are all due to the anonymous author. And even if he was reporting truthfully,
within the current climate, we can imagine why people could have easily
mistaken an ancient culture with a local Indian culture. It is merely
because the Indians were believed to have no level of sophistication
whatsoever that almost de facto, the site had to be “Old World”…
In the 21st century, we know better.
IN GRAND CANYON
of Immense Rich Cavern being brought to light
Remarkable finds indicate ancient people migrated from Orient
latest news of the progress of the explorations of what is now
regarded by scientists as not only the oldest archaeological discovery
in the United States, but one of the most valuable in the world,
which was mentioned some time ago in the Gazette, was brought
to the city yesterday by G.E. Kinkaid, the explorer who found
the great underground citadel of the Grand Canyon during a trip
from Green River, Wyoming, down the Colorado, in a wooden boat,
to Yuma, several months ago.
to the story related to the Gazette by Mr. Kinkaid, the archaeologists
of the Smithsonian Institute, which is financing the expeditions,
have made discoveries which almost conclusively prove that the
race which inhabited this mysterious cavern, hewn in solid rock
by human hands, was of oriental origin, possibly from Egypt, tracing
back to Ramses. If their theories are borne out by the translation
of the tablets engraved with hieroglyphics, the mystery of the
prehistoric peoples of North America, their ancient arts, who
they were and whence they came, will be solved. Egypt and the
Nile, and Arizona and the Colorado will be linked by a historical
chain running back to ages which staggers the wildest fancy of
the direction of Prof. S. A. Jordan, the Smithsonian Institute
is now prosecuting the most thorough explorations, which will
be continued until the last link in the chain is forged. Nearly
a mile underground, about 1480 feet below the surface, the long
main passage has been delved into, to find another mammoth chamber
from which radiates scores of passageways, like the spokes of
hundred rooms have been discovered, reached by passageways running
from the main passage, one of them having been explored for 854
feet and another 634 feet. The recent finds include articles which
have never been known as native to this country, and doubtless
they had their origin in the orient. War weapons, copper instruments,
sharp-edged and hard as steel, indicate the high state of civilization
reached by these strange people. So interested have the scientists
become that preparations are being made to equip the camp for
extensive studies, and the force will be increased to thirty or
Kinkaid was the first white child born in Idaho and has been an
explorer and hunter all his life, thirty years having been in
the service of the Smithsonian Institute. Even briefly recounted,
his history sounds fabulous, almost grotesque.
I would impress that the cavern is nearly inaccessible. The entrance
is 1,486 feet down the sheer canyon wall. It is located on government
land and no visitor will be allowed there under penalty of trespass.
The scientists wish to work unmolested, without fear of archaeological
discoveries being disturbed by curio or relic hunters. A trip
there would be fruitless, and the visitor would be sent on his
way. The story of how I found the cavern has been related, but
in a paragraph: I was journeying down the Colorado river in a
boat, alone, looking for mineral. Some forty-two miles up the
river from the El Tovar Crystal canyon, I saw on the east wall,
stains in the sedimentary formation about 2,000 feet above the
river bed. There was no trail to this point, but I finally reached
it with great difficulty.
Above a shelf which hid it from view from the river, was the mouth
of the cave. There are steps leading from this entrance some thirty
yards to what was, at the time the cavern was inhabited, the level
of the river. When I saw the chisel marks on the wall inside the
entrance, I became interested, securing my gun and went in. During
that trip I went back several hundred feet along the main passage
till I came to the crypt in which I discovered the mummies. One
of these I stood up and photographed by flashlight. I gathered
a number of relics, which I carried down the Colorado to Yuma,
from whence I shipped them to Washington with details of the discovery.
Following this, the explorations were undertaken.
main passageway is about 12 feet wide, narrowing to nine feet
toward the farther end. About 57 feet from the entrance, the first
side-passages branch off to the right and left, along which, on
both sides, are a number of rooms about the size of ordinary living
rooms of today, though some are 30 by 40 feet square. These are
entered by oval-shaped doors and are ventilated by round air spaces
through the walls into the passages. The walls are about three
feet six inches in thickness.
passages are chiselled or hewn as straight as could be laid out
by an engineer. The ceilings of many of the rooms converge to
a center. The side-passages near the entrance run at a sharp angle
from the main hall, but toward the rear they gradually reach a
right angle in direction.
a hundred feet from the entrance is the cross-hall, several hundred
feet long, in which are found the idol, or image, of the people's
god, sitting cross-legged, with a lotus flower or lily in each
hand. The cast of the face is oriental, and the carving this cavern.
The idol almost resembles Buddha, though the scientists are not
certain as to what religious worship it represents. Taking into
consideration everything found thus far, it is possible that this
worship most resembles the ancient people of Tibet.
this idol are smaller images, some very beautiful in form; others
crooked-necked and distorted shapes, symbolical, probably, of
good and evil. There are two large cactus with protruding arms,
one on each side of the dais on which the god squats. All this
is carved out of hard rock resembling marble. In the opposite
corner of this cross-hall were found tools of all descriptions,
made of copper. These people undoubtedly knew the lost art of
hardening this metal, which has been sought by chemicals for centuries
without result. On a bench running around the workroom was some
charcoal and other material probably used in the process. There
is also slag and stuff similar to matte, showing that these ancients
smelted ores, but so far no trace of where or how this was done
has been discovered, nor the origin of the ore.
the other finds are vases or urns and cups of copper and gold,
made very artistic in design. The pottery work includes enamelled
ware and glazed vessels. Another passageway leads to granaries
such as are found in the oriental temples. They contain seeds
of various kinds. One very large storehouse has not yet been entered,
as it is twelve feet high and can be reached only from above.
Two copper hooks extend on the edge, which indicates that some
sort of ladder was attached. These granaries are rounded, as the
materials of which they are constructed, I think, is a very hard
cement. A gray metal is also found in this cavern, which puzzles
the scientists, for its identity has not been established. It
resembles platinum. Strewn promiscuously over the floor everywhere
are what people call "cats eyes”, a yellow stone of
no great value. Each one is engraved with the head of the Malay
all the urns, or walls over doorways, and tablets of stone which
were found by the image are the mysterious hieroglyphics, the
key to which the Smithsonian Institute hopes yet to discover.
The engraving on the tables probably has something to do with
the religion of the people. Similar hieroglyphics have been found
in southern Arizona. Among the pictorial writings, only two animals
are found. One is of prehistoric type.
tomb or crypt in which the mummies were found is one of the largest
of the chambers, the walls slanting back at an angle of about
35 degrees. On these are tiers of mummies, each one occupying
a separate hewn shelf. At the head of each is a small bench, on
which is found copper cups and pieces of broken swords. Some of
the mummies are covered with clay, and all are wrapped in a bark
urns or cups on the lower tiers are crude, while as the higher
shelves are reached, the urns are finer in design, showing a later
stage of civilization. It is worthy of note that all the mummies
examined so far have proved to be male, no children or females
being buried here. This leads to the belief that this exterior
section was the warriors' barracks.
the discoveries no bones of animals have been found, no skins,
no clothing, no bedding. Many of the rooms are bare but for water
vessels. One room, about 40 by 700 feet, was probably the main
dining hall, for cooking utensils are found here. What these people
lived on is a problem, though it is presumed that they came south
in the winter and farmed in the valleys, going back north in the
of 50,000 people could have lived in the caverns comfortably.
One theory is that the present Indian tribes found in Arizona
are descendants of the serfs or slaves of the people which inhabited
the cave. Undoubtedly a good many thousands of years before the
Christian era, a people lived here which reached a high stage
of civilization. The chronology of human history is full of gaps.
Professor Jordan is much enthused over the discoveries and believes
that the find will prove of incalculable value in archaeological
thing I have not spoken of, may be of interest. There is one chamber
of the passageway to which is not ventilated, and when we approached
it a deadly, snaky smell struck us. Our light would not penetrate
the gloom, and until stronger ones are available we will not know
what the chamber contains. Some say snakes, but other boo-hoo
this idea and think it may contain a deadly gas or chemicals used
by the ancients. No sounds are heard, but it smells snaky just
the same. The whole underground installation gives one of shaky
nerves the creeps. The gloom is like a weight on one's shoulders,
and our flashlights and candles only make the darkness blacker.
Imagination can revel in conjectures and ungodly daydreams back
through the ages that have elapsed till the mind reels dizzily